Tuesday, July 7, 2020

The Essentials Of Literary Essay Topics

The Essentials Of Literary Essay TopicsLiterary articles are a fundamental piece of learning as it is the ideal spot to put your insight and sharpen them. You can pick any point you need from writing, craftsmanship, science and history and compose a scholarly paper that considers these subjects and improves the information. With the assistance of a certified scholarly author, you can make an awesome abstract exposition on your picked theme and make it the best one in the market. Here are a portion of the more typical scholarly exposition subjects:- Art: Let the peruser feel the excellence of craftsmanship and the innovative procedure of craftsmen. Individuals of various ages may have various perspectives about the magnificence of workmanship be that as it may, this point should be handled by authors of all age bunches on the grounds that an individual's recognition on craftsmanship changes with the progression of time. With such a large number of types of workmanship on the planet, s cholarly journalists can pick any type of craftsmanship and can talk about how specialists have utilized the structure so as to accomplish their point. This must be investigated and the writer must know crafted by the craftsman.- Writing: By focusing on a specific part of composing like language structure, grammar or accentuation, writers can make a radiant exposition on their picked point. An astounding essayist can build up the best writing and has an eye for language. They realize how to shape the words with a specific goal in mind to communicate their thoughts adequately.- Religion: Religion is a subject on which individuals never go over a dull second. Scholars who examination well on any type of religion can deliver an artistic paper that utilizes language and symbolism to think about any type of religion. Since religion is an overall wonder, authors should in this manner put in a great deal of exertion in exploring about any type of religion.- Literature: People everywhere th roughout the world are interested by writing. Composing an article on writing is an incredible activity since you can talk about a writing and can add to the information on the peruser through this exposition. Composing an article on any type of writing is a decent method to compose the best exposition. The capacity to research and put your insight in a paper are what makes an uncommon article.- Biographies: Biographies are one of the most looked through subjects by individuals on the Internet. Individuals are exceptionally keen on find out about probably the most famous characters in the history. True to life articles are a good thought for writers of any age who need to compose an abstract exposition on the life story of a renowned character in their community.A artistic paper has its own remarkable style. It isn't intended to be a duplicate of an article. It ought to consistently be unique and inventive to make it a masterpiece.As an essayist, it is your obligation to decide the point before going to compose. An author should initially get it together of the specific inquiry he needs to reply and afterward conceptualize and delineate a point to answer it. There are such a large number of incredible article points accessible in the abstract world, which an author can look over to compose an exposition on.

Saturday, July 4, 2020

India s Mid-Day Meal Scheme - Free Essay Example

Introduction: With a view to enhancing enrolment, retention and attendance and simultaneously improving nutritional levels among children, the National Programme of Nutritional Support to Primary Education (NP-NSPE) was launched as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme on 15th August 1995 (MHRD website). It became mandatory in 2001, every child enrolled in a government and government aided primary school was to be served a prepared mid-day meal with a minimum content of 300 calories of energy and 8 to 12 gms protein per day for a minimum of 200 days. Over the years, the scheme was seen various revisions and extensions. Although this scheme is centrally sponsored, the Mid-day Meal Scheme (MDMS) is a highly coordinated scheme with several actors at various levels that are essential for its functioning at the state, district, block, Gram Panchayat , local government and school level. India’s government mid-day meal program is the largest in the world, feeding 120 million students per day (Newton, 2016). The History of the MDMS: Certain states in India had their own mid-day meal schemes prior to it being introduced by the Central government in 1995. As far back in 1925, in pre-independence India, a mid-day meal program was introduced for poor children living in the Madras Corporation area in Tamil Nadu (GoI 1995:2 as cited in Swaminathan, add year). The next year, the Madras government introduced a compulsory elementary education scheme, which included the Madras Corporation. This program continued till 1982-83, when a new scheme was introduced, replacing it. The new scheme called the Puratchi Thalaivar MGR Nutritious Meal Programme (PTMGR NMP) was introduced in rural areas for pre-school and primary school children i.e. children aged from 2 to 9 years. The scheme was later extended to urban areas (Sept 1982), to old age pensioners (Jan 1983), to school students aged from 10 to 15 years (Sept 1984) and pregnant women (Dec 1995). Other parts of India too had their mid-day meal scheme before the government ini tiative in 1995 such as some parts of Kerala (1941), Bombay (1942), Bangalore city (1946), Uttar Pradesh (1953) and Gujarat (1984). By 1990-1991, twelve states had implemented the mid-day meal program using their own resources. In 1995, the NP-NSPE was launched in certain blocks. Central assistance provided free food grains (100 gram/ child/ school day) and transport subsidies capped at Rs. 50/ 100 kg. By 1997-1998, the program was extended to all regions of the country. In 2001, the Supreme court mandated the mid-day meal be implemented by all states. In the states or Union Territories where dry rations instead of cooked meals were provided, the Supreme Court ordered that cooked meals must be provided within three months in all government and government-aided primary schools (classes I to V) in all half of the Districts of the State (in order of poverty) and must extended the provision of cooked meals to the rest of the state. In October 2002 the program was extended to children in Education Guarantee Scheme (EGS) and Alternative and Innovative Education centers. In 2004, the NP-NSPE was revised to include, in a ddition to the free food grain provision (100 gm/ child/ school day), central assistance for cooking costs (Rs. 1/ child/ school day), transport subsidies (capped at Rs. 100/ quintal for special category states and Rs. 75/ quintal for other states), a management, monitoring and evaluation cost and the provision of meals in drought affected areas during the summer vacation. Two years later, the NP-NSPE was further revised to increase the food intake from 300 kcal to 450 kcal as well as established food standard norms.   Central assistance too was increased in the following ways – doubling the assistance towards cooking costs to Rs. 2/ child/ school day; assistance to construct a kitchen or store room; assistance to provision or replace kitchen devices and changes in the management, monitoring and evaluation cost. A year later in 2007, the scheme was extended to children in class VI to VII in Educationally Backward Blocks and all children in these classes from 2008-09. Every child in these classes was to be served a prepared mid-day meal with a minimum content of 750 kcal and 20 gms of protein per day. The central assistance was also higher with free food grains of 150 gm/ child/ school day; increased cooking costs (Rs. 2.50/ child/ school day); provision of meals in drought-affected areas in the summer vacation as well as infrastructural assistance and increased transport subsidy to special category states. In 2008, this was extended to students in Muslim religious schools supported under the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan was covered. In 2009, after The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education was introduced, the scheme was revised frequently, almost once a year where the focus was largely on revision of food standards, legal standards for usage of double fortified salt, guidelines on food safety and hygiene and guidelines and a model MoU for engagin with NGOs or other civil society organizations. Table 1: Mid-day meal food norms effective from Dec 1, 2009 Items Quantity per day/Child   Primary Upper Primary Foodgrains 100 gms 150 gms Pulses 20 gms 30 gms Vegetables (leafy also) 50 gms 75 gms Oil fat 5 gms 7.5 gms Salt condiments As per need As per need Source: Mid-day meal scheme website, MHRD (accessed Dec 23, 2018) Table 2: Revised Cooking cost (Rs.) per child per school day 2011 to 2016 Stage Effective Total Cost Central-State Sharing  Ã‚  Ã‚   Non-NER States (60:40) NER-States (90:10) 3 Himalayan States All UTs (100%)  Ã‚  Ã‚   Central State Central State Central Primary (Class I to V) April 1, 2011 2.89 2.17 0.75 2.60 0.29    July 1, 2012 3.11 2.33 0.78 2.80 0.31    July 1, 2013 3.34 2.51 0.83 3.01 0.33    July 1, 2014 3.59 2.69 0.90 3.23 0.36    July 1, 2015 3.86 2.32 1.54 3.47 0.39 3.86   July 1, 2016 4.13 2.48 1.65 3.72 0.41 4.13  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Upper Primary (Class VI to VIII) April 1, 2011 4.33 3.25 1.08 3.90 0.43    July 1, 2012 4.65 3.49 1.16 4.19 0.47    July 1, 2013 5.00 3.75 1.25 4.50 0.50    July 1, 2014 5.38 4.04 1.34 4.84 0.54    July 1, 2015 5.78 3.47 2.31 5.20 0.58 5.78   July 1, 2016 6.18 3.71 2.47 5.56 0.62 6.18 Source: Compiled from Mid-day meal scheme website, MHRD (accessed Dec 23, 2018) Figure 1: Year Wise Outlay under Mid-Day Meal Scheme (Rs. in Crore) Source: Mid-day meal scheme website, MHRD (accessed Dec 23, 2018) The operationalization of the MDMS: Food grains are provided by the local depots of the Food Corporation of India (FCI). While earlier the FCI supplied the food grains to the states and a centralized payment was made by the central government without confirmation by the states. Realizing that this was taking too long, the government decentralized the process in 2010 through a government order (F.1-15/ 2009). Under the new procedure, food grains are allocated biannually by the Department of School Education and Literacy in conjunction with the Department of Food and Public Distribution separately for the primary and upper primary levels. The first six monthly allocation is made in the first week of Feb of the previous financial year based on the number of children and number of school days approved by the Programme Approval Board of the Mid Day Meal Scheme for the previous year. T he second and final allocation is made in the first week of August, accounting for the unspent balance available with the states during the previous year and the first allocation. The states send a utilization certificate of food grains supplied to the Government of India (GoI), where they indicate the quantity consumed. This is done at the Block and District level. Once the states receive an allocation from the GoI, they make district-wise allocation of food grains, separately for primary and upper primary classes. A buffer stock of food grains for a month is maintained at the district level. The FCI is responsible for continuous availability of adequate quantity of good quality food grains. The District collector (or the CEO of the Zila Panchayat) are expected to ensure the food grains are of fair and adequate quality and three samples are drawn in the presence of state government representatives and those of the FCI. These samples are retained for three months and use to ascertain the veracity of complaints, if any. The FCI is expected to raise bills by the 10th day of the next month after provision of food grains and the district administration is expected to pay within 20 days. The states are expected to make adequate provisions in their budget for this and are expected to release this amount in advance to the districts. The GoI is also expected to release these funds to the state governments as soon as the budget is passed. If no budget is available at the district level, the state should authorize the districts to use the relevant treasury rules to make payments and then adjust the amounts as and when the budget is received by the states. States are also expected to monitor the lifting, payment and quantity of food grains sent to the school or cooking agency. There are several committees at different levels – at the national level the Empowered Committee, Steering-cum-Monitoring Committee (NSMC) and the Programme Approval Board (PAB), who monitor and suggest implementation measures. Other committees include – a state-level Steering–cum-Monitoring Committee, a District Level Committee and at the village level – members of Village Education Committees (VECs), Parent-Teacher Associations (PTAs) and the School Management Committees (SMCs). The committees at the village level are involved in the more day-to-day implementation of the scheme. Evaluation: According to the State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2017 report, India is home to 190.7 million undernourished people in the world, constituting 14.8% of its total population in 2015-17, a reduction from 2004-06 where it was 22.2%. 38.4% of children in 2017 under five are stunted, implying that their mental development, school performance and intellectual capabilities may be affected by the long-term nutritional deprivation. This is a reduction from 2012, where the corresponding figure is 47.9%. One in five children suffers from wasting, implying that their weight is low compared to their height. Furthermore, India ranks at 100 out of 119 countries on the Global Hunger Index. Nakao et al. (2018) mention that there is no national health survey after the implementation of the MDMS to evaluate the improvement nutritional outcomes for children served a mid-day meal. One would expect that the program dovetailing school attendance with meals, would improve nutritional outcom es, school attendance and enrollments. However certain researchers conducting their independent research have found mixed results as well as problems with the implementation of MDMS. A CAG report finds declining trends in enrolments during 2009-10 to 2013-14 observed in several states: Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Uttarakhand, Lakshadweep and Puducherry. Dreze at al. (2003) who conducted a survey of 81 randomly selected villages, divided equally in the states of Chhattisgarh, Karnataka and Rajasthan, found both positive and negative aspects of the MDMS in their interviews with parents, teachers, cooks and other individuals. Of the positive findings, they report – improved school enrollment, particularly for girls; improved school attendance and retention; socialization among other castes (in a limited way); non-income support to poor families and good management of food logistics. Their negative findings include – poor infrastructure for cooking (in cluding water supply and utensils); repetitive menus; overt or covert caste discrimination and prejudices towards lower caste children or cooks; serious health hazards; disruption of classroom activity as teachers had to oversee the cooking and very low allocation of funds per meal. Another study conducted by Afridi (2005) in early 2004 in 41 randomly sampled villages in a non-tribal block of the Chindwara district on Madhya Pradesh, where information was collected on 615 households, 74 primary schools and 35 village panchayats. Afridi finds delays in the implementation of the program, 47% of panchayats spending less than mandated amounts, lack of adequate infrastructure, no separate kitchen and even the most basic adequate plates. Afridi reports a better program implementation in Karnataka with more nutritious meals (pulses and vegetables) and tablets (iron, folic and de-worming). The program was also extended till class VIII. A study in 2004 by the Pratichi research team comparin g 15 randomly chosen schools implementing the program to those who didn’t, found a 10% increase in attendance where the program was run, with a higher impact among the Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribe and Muslim population. They also found increased teacher attendance; over four-fifths of parents were in favor of the program; 82% of parents were willing to contribute in any way and 88% of children wanting the program to continue. It is also important to note the importance of this meal as almost three-fourths of children did not have food before coming to school. In addition to the issues mentioned earlier, their study found inadequate salaries paid to cooks and limited opportunities for parental participation. Blue (2005) found in a study of 8 schools in rural Rajasthan that the children and teachers spent long hours cooking or getting firewood and in the case of teachers, supervising the meal preparation and keeping records. Additionally, since schools were paid were three to three months, the teachers took loans of food ingredients. A study in the Municipal Corporation of Delhi by De et al. (2005) found that even after selecting NGOs and caterers to cook the food, the quantity and quality of food wer e less than the minimum requirements. Criticisms: The food served under the MDMS has been criticized on various fronts such as the menu, the food quality, the preparation and even down to who prepared or served the food. The food has been criticized as low quality and the menu being repetitive. It has been argued that the government is so focused on covering as many schools and students as possible, that food quality is often relegated to a lower priority. During the food preparation, it is possible that hygiene, cleanliness and food preparation standards may not have been met. There have been multiple news reports, where children have either fallen sick after eating the mid-day meal and in some cases, tragically died. Many of these children come from extremely poor families and the mid-day meal is the only meal they might eat in a day. Many incidents go unreported as well. The parents of these children, thereby, fearing the safety of their children have declined to eat the mid-day meals. With so many intermediaries, it is inevitabl e that some of the food or raw material is siphoned away or never reaches the schools. A report by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (2015) found financial mismanagement by the Human Resource and Development ministry as well as states diverting funds of Rs. 123.29 crore meant for the scheme. The CAG report also found the following: the MDMS was not implemented in 32 government-aided schools of Amritsar and Ludhiana, depriving 50,417 students of benefits; the usage of 1.04 lakh kg less rice than prescribed norms in Belur, Karnataka and excess payments made to NGOs. Chauhan (add year) evaluates the use of schools to implement social policies by conducting 26 structured interviews, 8 focus groups and 5 teacher key-informant interviews in an Indian village in the state of xx. He found that the community does not trust the government, regards the state-run schools to be of poor quality and finds that the community no longer perceives the school as an institution that imparts e ducation but one that provides free meals. He cautions that the change in perception would perhaps mean that the mid-day meal may not meet its goal of promoting education. Bibliography: https://mdm.nic.in/Files/Initiatives%20%20Case%20Studies/NUTRITION_%20FOUNDATION_%20OF_%20INDIA.pdf

Friday, July 3, 2020

How to Help in Writing Papers

Step by step instructions to Help in Writing PapersStudents now and then find support recorded as a hard copy papers. There are different methods for helping you with regards to composing the papers. Obviously, it is simply the obligation of the understudy to help himself recorded as a hard copy the papers. In any case, there are a few hints that help recorded as a hard copy papers.Write the paper as though it is a talk or even an exhibition. Individuals could never pay attention to your papers. Rather, they would simply concentrate on it and rehash similar words over. This could end up being exceptionally exhausting and dreary. It is significant that you require some serious energy and sort out your thoughts before you begin composing the papers.Always pick a theme that is identified with the topic. This will assist you with creating new associations and achieve an entirely different scope of reasoning. You can likewise utilize your composing aptitudes to achieve changes in the mann er you think. By making new perspectives and thoughts, you can take the paper to a totally different level.Papers should be a blend of realities and feeling. The paper ought to be a statement of both the things. In the event that you can locate a center ground, at that point you will have a superior possibility of composing a decent quality paper.Papers ought to be efficient. You have to ensure that the papers contain a decent structure. Abstain from writing in a rush and look at the structure of the paper before you start composing it.Give yourself an opportunity to take in all the data. Make an effort not to hop into composing a paper immediately. Set aside effort to make notes and compose them. It is significant that you sort out your contemplations and thoughts so you can without much of a stretch think of good composing ideas.Be progressively loose while composing the papers. You will think that its simpler to compose a paper when you feel great. This encourages you to unwind a nd stream easily during the time spent composing the papers. In addition, you will have the option to concentrate better since you will be less occupied by the commotions around you.To make the creative cycle significantly simpler, you can contribute on a composing pen or a note pad for notes. This is an incredible assistance recorded as a hard copy papers. Attempt to recollect what you have realized when you are doing the papers. This will assist you with bringing down the thoughts from various zones of your mind and make them into one reasonable snippet of data.

Thursday, June 25, 2020

Why Should I Learn From Cuny Essay Samples

For what reason Should I Learn From Cuny Essay Samples?'Why should I gain from Cuny article tests?' This inquiry has been rehashed by a large number of individuals over the globe.Cuny has gotten one of the most famous methodologies in improving English aptitudes. Cuny utilizes unique and inventive ways to deal with evaluate understudies' aptitudes, to assist them with understanding the prerequisites of a scholastic organization, and to guarantee that they progress in the direction of a shared objective. With its remarkable technique for instructing, its capacity to advance understudies into the more elevated levels of their courses, and its capacity to convey exclusive expectations of English composition on schedule, Cuny paper tests are positioned as the best in the world.Cuny article tests are very helpful devices for people who need to improve their English composing abilities. These apparatuses can be utilized so as to determine issues to have their perusing, composing, and talki ng capacities. In addition, these instruments permit you to make up for lost time with any perusing or composing botches that you may have done while taking a shot at your education.To assist understudies with improving their perusing and composing aptitudes, Cuny gives a broad rundown of test papers that spread a wide scope of points. The expositions are of various styles, extending from AABB to business letters. The material is composed with the goal that it is simple for understudies to break down them and search for the blunders in their own work. This data can be then used to address your own work and increment your general certainty level in your writing.By utilizing Cuny article tests, you will have the option to understand better and compose better. You will likewise have the option to see how to structure sentences and sections better and utilize the rules that the expositions help you learn. You will likewise have the option to take these exercises and apply them in your l ife so as to help your certainty and to improve your general information on the English language.When you are prepared to start taking these Cuny exposition tests, the principal thing that you have to do is register on their site. You should then follow the means and utilize the materials gave on the site to step through your examination. After you breeze through the assessment, you will get the full bundle including an instructional pamphlet, an audit control, and the worksheets, tests, and test questions.Cuny is situated in the United States, so you ought to have the option to get these paper tests on the web and print them out. The value that they charge is moderately low for the entirety of the items that they offer, which makes this choice among the most practical.Cuny offers the two teachers and people the chance to take the training test and get the evaluation without parting with a solitary duplicate of the books. This is an additional advantage that will empower you to acce ss Cuny exposition tests as fast as could be expected under the circumstances.

Sunday, June 21, 2020

Tips For Writing Compelling Comprehensive Exam Essays

Tips For Writing Compelling Comprehensive Exam EssaysComprehensive test expositions for the GRE can frequently demonstrate very hard to make. This is because of the way that there are sure basic test composing issues that ought to be tended to with care so as to make a decent score. Fortunately, there are some significant rules you can follow that will assist you with guaranteeing that your paper stays solid and builds your opportunity of scoring great on the test.Ensure that you address all the inquiries that will be posed on the exposition. The GRE is the initial move towards the level of study required to accomplish a Bachelors certificate. In this way, it's imperative that you have a solid comprehension of what this test is about and why it's administered.Make certain that you spread the particulars of each question in the particular setting. It's exceptionally simple to accept that you're composing a complete test paper when you have a thought of what will be inquired. Nonethele ss, recollect that a few understudies who step through the exam will likewise be required to address supplemental inquiries too. Hence, in the event that you miss the point, your odds of getting a low score are incredibly reduced.You likewise need to think about the general structure of the paper. The general structure ought to be both coherent and nitty gritty. The fundamental objective of the paper is to get across to the peruser what is being said and why they ought to comprehend the idea. So as to accomplish this, ensure you focus on all the central matters of the essay.You likewise need to have a solid establishment of realities to begin with. This will guarantee that your article is both very much organized and doesn't go off course. This is critical in case you're planning to score profoundly on the test.There are various organizations you can decide to compose the exposition in. For instance, the paper test incorporates the accompanying arrangement: synopsis, presentation, q uestions, conversation, end. You can likewise decide to examine various subjects in more noteworthy detail, which implies you can't concentrate on one point for a whole essay.As you can see, there are numerous straightforward tips that you can actualize to guarantee that your paper scores well on the test. In the event that you need to guarantee that you score well on the test, at that point you should be set up early with the goal that you can set yourself up intellectually for the test.So, regardless of whether you're getting ready for the GRE or the SAT, you should read for the test and survey your work. This is indispensable to guarantee that you can successfully introduce your thoughts and capacities to the test taker.

Thursday, June 18, 2020

Writing an Essay About Yourself - Writing an Essay About Yourself

Composing an Essay About Yourself - Writing an Essay About YourselfWe regularly wonder in the event that it is conceivable to compose an exposition about yourself. This is definitely not a troublesome errand as long as you probably are aware how to go about it. You should begin with a ton of research and a decent comprehension of your own history and childhood. With this data close by, you will have the option to begin assembling the pieces that will frame the premise of your essay.You will likewise need to ensure that your paper can confront examination. Regardless of whether you work superbly of sketching out your own history, it won't make any difference if your paper looks crude. Your exposition ought to have the option to take care of its without being gotten out for the beginner bit of work that it is. Your article ought to have the option to move past being a learning experience and turning into an individual excursion according to your reader.Your individual history can be so rted out from numerous points of view. You may decide to begin with something that you truly love and afterward talk about the negative parts of that past. You may decide to take a gander at your adolescence and recognize everything that you progressed admirably. These are for the most part extraordinary strategies for arranging your own story into one strong whole.The best technique for everything will be to simply discuss your own encounters while never accepting that your story will be sufficient to speak to in a general manner. Your own story is exceptional and it will assist with articulating your thoughts and encounters. You will be astounded at how rapidly and effectively your thoughts and encounters spring up when you use them as a piece of your essay.If you decide to discuss your past as a youngster, ensure that you incorporate a lot of insights regarding your youth. Give insights regarding the way that you figured out how to play and cooperate with others and let the perus er see the superb things that you had the option to achieve while you were still in the belly. Ensure that you let your peruser realize that you were so lucky to have had such a brilliant and adoring condition at home. By ensuring that you do this, you won't just make your peruser consider the estimation of their youth, yet they will likewise have the chance to envision the world that they might want to live in right now.Writing an individual exposition about yourself is a troublesome procedure. It isn't something that can be handily finished on the grounds that it requires a comprehension of your own history and a profound comprehension of yourself. You will need to ensure that you are as exact as could be expected under the circumstances with the goal that you can adequately communicate as a letter or paper. The more detail that you can get into your exposition, the better possibility that you have of passing on your thoughts.There are consistently individuals who are keen on comp osing individual papers about themselves and that is the reason it is essential to remember these kinds of activities as you compose. You can discover tips for composing expositions on the Internet and you can even discover instances of articles that have been expounded on themselves. The Internet is an incredible asset for the entirety of your composing needs.As you take a shot at your own paper, you will find that you get the inventive energies pumping. It is stunning that it is so natural to work in your very own sentiments and thoughts. Ordinarily, individuals are truly shocked at the various lengths that they can take their accounts and the things that they can remember for them. Composing an individual paper about yourself is a great thing since it permits you to permit yourself to be inventive and lets you permit yourself to encounter the full scope of feelings that you can encounter when you are doing an individual exposition about yourself.